1364 April 16

Evading Customs/ Smuggling Edward III Calendar of Patent Rolls


Commission to John de Sutton, the elder, Robert de Naylynghersi

Westminster. John de Bampton and the sheriff of Essex, to make inquisition in th said county touching a petition to the king on behalf of Nichols Bajston for the release of a ship of his called la Hilde of Hull, laden with firewood at Manytre by Ipswich, which was arrested on its way to Great Yarmouth by Richard de Heverlond, searcher of the king

forfeits, because two pockets of wool and 80 wool fells, not customec were found in it, which were put therein without his knowledge.  

1348 Robert Lucas of Manytre

messuage in Misteleye Essex Fleet of Fines Vol 3 - 889.

Trin. Roger de Hanyfeld, pl. Robert Lucas of Manytre and Sarah his wife, deforciant. 1 messuage in Misteleye. PI. and his heirs to hold of the chief lords.

Cons. loos.


l355  September 29 Edward III.

First Court of Thomas Hardyng held there at le Newehall on Wednesday next after the feast of St. Michael in the 29th year of King Edward III after the Conquest.
To this Court came John Aleyn and acknowledged that he held of the lord 50 acres of land wood and meadow which were of Robert Mistelegh called Spoures (‘?) land by homage and fealty suit of Court every three months(?) and service of 30 pence by the year at the four usual terms and he did fealty to the lord.
John Besouche came and acknowledged that he held of the lord one Messuage and three acres of land with appurtenances which were formerly of William by the service of 12d. and suit of court and he did his fealty.
Robert Lucas came and acknowledged that he held of the lord seven acres of land at le Thorne formerly of Nicholas Gernon by service of 14d. by the year and he does to the lord his fealty and says that he owes no suit. He has a day to show his charter upon which he claims to be quit.
John atte Wode comes and acknowledges that he holds of the lord a moiety of ten acres of land by service of 10d. by the year at the four terms and suit of court twice in the year end it is ordered to distrain the said John for suit of Court every three months until he shows his charter by which he claims he ought to be quit and he does fealty.

It is ordered to distrain Walter (?) de Reydon to do homage and fealty for the lands which were formerly of Richard do Hastings.

It is ordered to distrain Roger Bekelegh (or Dekelegh) for lands and tenements in Mistelegh called Bekelegh (or Dekelegh) for which he ought to do homage and fealty to the lord.
It is ordered to distrain the lord Thomas de Veer Earl of Oxford for homage, fealty to be done for his manor of Wrabnesse.
Thomas Payn holds one Messuage and six acres of land formerly of Stephen atte Ponde at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor And he did fealty.
And the said Thomas Payn holds one messuage and six acres of land formerly of Margery atte Ponds at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor And he does fealty to the lord.

John Shamen holds one Messuage and twenty acres of land formerly of Sewall Compere at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor and he does fealty.
And the said John holds one Messuage and nine acres of land formerly of Walter Skyp at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor and did his fealty.
Robert atte Stone holds one Messuage in Uysakerware(?) formerly of John Compere and twenty acres at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor I And he did fealty.

—-—-—.Anyman (? Panyman holds one messuage and —-— acres of  land formerly of William Reyly at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor and did fealty.

Penalty 20s: Robert atte Stone has a day to answer ———-- because he holds at will feast of St. Michael (?) next following under the penalty of 20s. Pledges John Payn and Godfrey Pr--—

Robert atte Born Thomas Payn Godfrey Panyman because they refused to elect a bailiff ----

Date - Before 1279 Source - 242 Cartulary of Canonsleigh

XXXVI. Grant by Hubert de Ruyly, knight, to Adam, son of Beatrix,’ and Margery, his wife, for their homage and service, of all the land and tenements which Hugh Maneston held of him in the township of Mysteleghe (Mistley) with common of heath (bruarium) and which lie between the lands of Geoffrey le Neweman and Lucas de la Strande, and abut to the north of the bank of the river: to hold of himself and his heirs with the right to give, sell, bequeath or assign except to a religious house or a jew, rendering annually two shillings at the four usual terms in equal portions for all services, provided that Adam and Margery and their heirs paid two suits annually to his court, namely the first courts after Michaelmas and Easter, and saving as much royal service as was due from that amount of land of that fee in that township. Consideration: two marks of silver. Warranty. Witnesses: William de Kokaine, Gilbert de Bromleghe, Robert de Hastynges, Alexander the clerk, Geoffrey Ic Neweman, Richard Page, Robert Gernum, Geoffrey P’no, John Parcar’ and Thomas the clerk.
‘He appears to be the same as Adam son of Betun (see nos. 214, 248).

Date: —1279 [sir Hubert de Ruyly died in that year]. MS.: f. 134v.

(This is the first of the group of Sheddon deeds which was entered at the end of the cartulary.)

LUCAS Family in Manningtree

l365.  November 39 Edward III Court Rolls. T/P 64/3. Transcribed 1936.         171/59.  

Court held there at le Newhall on Thursday next after the feast of All Saints in the 59th year.
To this Court comes Olive Rook and does to the Lord fealty for the land and tenement in Little Bentolegh which she holds for the term of her life And the lord grants that Richard Mays may be the attorney of the same Olive to do suit at all courts.

At which Court the whole homage elects Thomas Payn to perform the office of bailiff this year And he is sworn.

It is presented that —----- lord Thomas de Veer Earl of Oxford Walter de Reydon end Roger Dekelegh(?) to do homage and fealty.

John Aleyn, John Atte Wode, Robert Lucas owe suit of Court and make default therefore it is ordered that they be distrained.
Court held there at Newehall in the Vigil of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist in the - year.
Amerced 3d.It is found by the inquest that John Aleyn owes suit of court and makes default therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 3d. Also it is presented that Olive Rook owes suit of Court and makes default therefore she is in mercy.
Amerced 12d.Godfrey Panyman did damage in the corn of the lord with five pigs therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 4d. John Sloweberne did damage in the corn of the lord with one pig therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 6d. John Besomby did damage in the pasture of the lord with two chickens therefore he is in mercy.
Amerced 4d. William Dekelegh did damage in the corn of the lord with one pig therefore he is In mercy.
Amerced 4d: Thomas Payn did trespass in the corn of the lord with five bullocks therefore he is in mercy..
13s4d: The same Thomas did trespass in the woods of the lord with five oxen therefore he is in mercy.
Sum of this court 18s.4d.

distrained = seize (someone's property) in order to obtain payment of rent or other money owed.

Amerced  = punish with a fine

in mercy  = compassion or forgiveness shown towards someone whom it is within one's power to punish or harm.

1493 October. 9 Henry VII Court Rolls. T/P 64/2. 173/27

Old halle and Newhall in Mysteleigh. Court held there on Tuesday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude the ninth year of the reign at King Henry VII.
Jurors: John Dykley for his lands. William Budde for Benfordes. Robert Crystmas for Hastinges. William Estwood for Margery late wife of William Moys for Rookes.
Amercied 3a: Who say upon their oath that the tenants of the Manor of Wrabnase (?)(l/2d) the tenants of the lands late of John Godmanston called Doralontes, (6d) Laurence Bromleigh for Webbes (6d) John Lytylbery (6d) for Lockes and Robert Brooks (6d) for
Lucas owe common suit of Court and now each of them makes default, therefore they are severally in mercy.
Penalty 204: And they say that John Lytilbery is penalized because he has not dug(?) one ditch lying opposite the pightelle late Lockes as he had a- day at the last Court: therefore he is Amercied as in the margin.
And they say that Margery Walton late wife of William Moys holds in the name of her dower after the death of the said William Moya one tenement with divers lands to the same pertaining lying in little Bentle formerly Rookes and the said tenement because the said William Moys died without heirs of his body issuing and also because no one came to claim the said tenement with appurtenances as next heir of the same William and to answer to the Lord for a Herriot and relief as of old etc therefore it is considered by the steward and the tenants that if there shall be any heir to the said tenement that he shall be here at the next Court to prove himself lawful heir by title otherwise the Lord may dispose of the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances as his distraint and seize it by reason of eschaet. And it is shewn to the Lord at this Court by a charter that Thomas Salokyn rector of the Church of Little Bentley and William Smyth of Belomand at one time dwelling in Bentley leased etc to Richard Moys and Margery his wife daughter of Roger Robyns all lands tenements feedings pastures with all their appurtenances ..,...... to the before named Richard Moys and Margery and the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten of the chief lord etc. And if it should happen that the aforesaid Richard and Margery should die without heirs of their body lawfully begotten then the attorney of the aforesaid Thomas Salokyn and William Smith shall sell the aforesaid land and tenement and distribute for the soul of the father and mother of Margery as is best. Given at Little Bentley on Sunday in the feast of St. Hilary. 10 Richard II 1386. And also it is shown by another charter that the aforesaid Margery Moys formerly wife of Richard Moys in her pure widowhood gave etc to Thomas Jamys clerk John Page Smyth of Little Bentley and Walter Stone of Bromley one Messuage in Little Bentley called Moys formerly Rooks with appurtenances to have to the aforesaid Thomas Jamys and others their heirs and assigns of the chief Lords etc with warranty (?) given at Bentley aforesaid 24th April in the 12 year of the reign of king Henry VL and it is shown by another charter that…..Moys the elder of Little Bentley gave, granted and confirmed to Thomas Jamys clerk John Page Smyth and Walter Stone one Messuage in Bentley called Moys formerly called Rooks with appurtenances to Richard Moys and Margery his wife to have etc to the heirs and assigns of the said Thomas Jamys and others; given 4th July in the 13th year of the reign of King Henry VI. 1435.
And they say that the aforesaid John Dykley holds his tenements with appurtenances of the lord by knights service of one knights fee etc and it is heriotable.
And a tenement called Hastinges likewise by knights service and heritable.
[Dorse]  Still of the within [written] Court.
Amercied 3s. And that Geoffrey Gowand has cut down and lopped the woods the Lord called Hookewood and Croppewoode by about 600 9? without the livence of the Lord or of his officers therefore in mercy.
Pain of Forfeiture of l2d : And that John Eastwood has been penalized as he had been at the last Court, because he has encroached upon a parcel of one ditch next Andeland as in the margin.  

1364 Nov 20th

Evading Customs/ Smuggling Edward III Calendar of Patent Rolls


Whereas Thomas Hardyng of Manytre is indicted before Thomas Westminster, earl of Oxford, and his fellows, justices appointed to enquire touchin forestalleries (Buying goods before they reach the market to then sell them at a profit), customable wares taken across the sea without custom and other misdeeds in the county of Essex, of having with other forestalled 400 quarters of wheat, rye and malt, and fish and other wares to the value of 200L coming to Manytre and to the port and market there for sale, from All Saints in the thirty-sixth year to the following Midsummer, and sold them at excessive prices ; and of assenting with others to William Lucas taking, in Whitsun week it the thirty-seventh year, a ship called la Blake Krayer, putting therein 10 & half sacks of wool, not customed, bringing the same to Goseworthe fletc * [Gosworthe] and there putting the wool into ship of Zeeland whereby the king lost the custom, to his damage of 60L. ;, and consenting to and maintaining all the forestallations of Robert Balton and William Lucas, to wit of 200 quarters of wheat and barley and 40 quarters of oats, 4 & half lasts of herrings and herrings to the value of 20L. and having part of the lucre thereof ; and of giving assent and aid with others to Baldwin Flemyng who freighted a ship called Seintmarishep of Zeeland with three bales of woollen cloths, containing 60 dozens, worth 100L., 60 weys of cheese, worth 30L., 20 dozens of woollen thread, worth 10L., and 4 barrels of butter, worth 4L. on Friday before Trinity, in the thirty-seventh year, and transported the same without the realm, without the custom paid, to the king's damage of IOOL : of having with others taken…………..

thirty-sixth year, by extortion and threats, 40L. in chattels and 120 quarters of corn, to the value of 40 marks, which they retained. to themselves so that none of the township could obtain anything thereof, but they excluded the commonalty from it by threats, malicious words and the maintenance of the said Robert and William ; of having with others assented to the said Baldwin taking and discharging without the realm, victuals and innumerable wares uncustomed, to the king's damage of 20L.; of having with others forestalled from All Saints in the thirty-sixth year to the following feast of St. Peter's Chains, all wares coming to the port and town of Manytre, to the damage of the king and people of 40L.; and of being a common forestaller at Manytre, and of abetting and procuring with others at Manytre John Payn of Dedham, on Tuesday in Easter week in the thirty-seventh year, to beat Thomas Pernele because he was watching (insidiabatur) a foreign ship at Misteleye which was to be laden with uncustomed wool, and other merchandise to pass beyond seas ; the king, at the request of his son Lionel, duke of Clarence, has pardoned him the suit of the peace and whatever pertains to the king in the premises, and any consequent outlawries. Furthermore, for 5 marks which Thomas Hardyng has paid to him, he has granted to him all his goods and chattels forfeit for this cause and what pertains to the king of year, day and waste of his lands, not held in chief, which were taken into the king's hand for the said cause.

By K. & C.

John Lucas [Cloth Merchant]‘of Manningtree’  Sent goods via Harwich   1388 on Anne

1559 Sepember 16th  Death of Sir John Rainsford (Source Morant) Edmonds and Goodwyn inhert Manors

At time of death held Manytree alias Chedingho, with appertences and the Crane, the Key and Key House of the Queen in ca. and a Chapel called our Lady in the Oates (Note this is in Bradfield not Manningtree) and the Gild or Franternity of Manytree: also the maners of Old Hall and New Hall and rectory of Mistleley of the queen for a 40th of a Knights fee. He had two wives one who was the daughter and hier of Edward Knivet. Second - Winifred daughter and heir of John Pyme; but left no heirs by issue either so that his heirs were decendents of his mothers sister Elizabeth daughter of Sir Humfey Starkey namely 1. Christopher Edmonds, 2. John Goodwyn and 3. Anne, wife of Henry Joffelyn. Not sure who became the fourth party to the estate – see below – perhaps John Lucas, gent

1566 December 31 D/DU 279/1 Essex Record

DONE latin with Peter


Licence of alienation (sale or transfer of land) (Queen is allowing the transfer/Conveyance of property) for £11.6.8 (The fee here is probably for the Queen’s agreement/License rather than for the sale of the property)
Elizabeth I licenses (2). John Goodwyn, esq., (3). Henry Josselyn, esq., and Anne his wife, (4). John Lucas, gent., and Mary his wife, to alienate to Francis Saunders, esq., and William Walter, sen.
Manor of Oldehall or Oldehall and Newehall in Mistley, formerly part of lands of William Forde, esq., and manor of MANNINGTREE (manytre or Schidynghoo), le CRANE, le Key and Key house in MANNINGTREE, and appurtenances (e.g. fixed assets which have become part of the property such as a Crane, Key house) in MANNINGTREE, Mistley, Lawford, Little Bromley, Ardleigh and Bradfield, formerly the possessions of the monastery of Canonleigh
Saunders and Walter are trustees to give half the profits to Goodwyn and half to Josselyn (see Morant, I,462)

1513 October25 Deed: D/DAv 22

William Bryght of Manningtree

Quitclaim Agnes Malett (late wife of John Rothe), John Aley of East Bergholt, Suffolk, and William Bryght of Manningtree, to Richard Darnell, 'Jakes' Darnell, John Brooke, Richard Coole, Edward Coole and 'Jakes' Coole. In a tenement called 'Hekeford alias Barrys' in Mistley, between the hand of John Lucas on both parts tenement called 'Watchis' on one part, and that called 'Tredener' (see also below Tynderfield in Manningtree and 1312 for William le Teynturer) on the other; and a croft called 'Hulmans' in Mistley, between the land of John Lucas on both parts, abutting east on land of John Lucas and west on the way from Manningtree to Harwich.

Hil. &: Eas. Francis Saunders, esq., &: Wm. Walter sen., pl. Jn. Goodwyn, esq.,

Hy. Josselyn, esq., &: w. Anne, &: Jn. Lucas, gent., &: w. Mary, def. Manors of Manytre,

Schidynghoo alias Chedynghoo, Oldhall alias Oldehall, Newhall&: Abbottesalias Edlynges

&: 60 mess., 20 cotts., 10 tofts, 4 water·mills, 1,000 a ar., 200 a. mw., 1,000 a. pa., 400

a. wd., 600 a. furze & heath &: .£20 rt. in Manytre, Scidynghoo alias Chedynghoo, Oldhall

alias Oldehall, Newhall, Abbottes alias Edlynges, Mistleigh alias Mysteley, Bradfeld,

Colchester, Stanwaye, Wrabne alias Wrabnes, Wikes, Little Badowe, Lawforde, Little

Bromeleigh, Ardleigh, 'and Our Ladye i~ the Otes', view of frank pledge, free warren,

liberties &: franchises in Misteleigh &: Manytre, the rectory &: church of Bradfeld &: tithes

of Bradfeld, &: the advowsons of the church of Misteleigh alias Misteley &: the vicarage of

Bradfeld. Def. quitclaimed to pl. & the heirs of Francis. And for this pl. gtd. one moiety

of the same to Jn. Goodwyn&: his heirs, &: the other moiety to Hy.&: Anne&: the heirs

of Anne, to hold of the chief lords.

About 1560


  Recognizance: John LUCAS of MANNINGTREE, gentleman, and John Sewell of the same, tailor, for the said John Sewell not to haunt evil or suspect company, not to use any unlawful games nor keep any evil rule, justly offensive to the honest and most substantial of the parish wherein he shall be abiding, nor to misintreat any of the Queen's subjects by fighting or threats, and also within twenty-eight days to leave off working at his own hand and be retained in some honest service as a household servant where he may use his science or otherwise serve in that faculty wherein he shall be retained.
Appeared and handed over further as appears in the Sessions Roll. Surety:' John Colman of the same yeoman
Taken before William Cardinall (also 37/48).

The Lucas Family in Manningtree

Sometime before 1279, we have mention of Lucas de La Strande holding land North of bank of the River Stour.

La Strande is an interesting title, meaning a stretch of land running along the edge of a river. Was this possibly a local reference - living near the river Stour, maybe close to what is now known as ‘The Walls’

Was he from the Strand area of London which was already well established as an area of the Capital at this time?In 1388 we have the first mention of the Lucas family in Essex. John [Cloth Merchant] ‘of Manningtree’ was exporting goods via Harwich. John was born in 1355, his father also John was born in 1330

I believe he was also born in the area.

From this it would appear that the Lucas family has been established in the Mistley / Manningtree area  for over 700 years.

I have detailed lineage in Manningtree from 1700’s

Note: In medieval times Manningtree was involved in the very prosperous wool trade as was the Lucas family in West Suffolk.