The title Baron Lucas, of Shenfield in the County of Essex, was created 13 January 1645 for Sir John Lucas, a Royalist army officer. He was succeeded according to a special remainder in the letters patent by his nephew, Charles Lucas. The title became extinct on the death of the third Baron in 1705.
The title Baron Lucas, of Crudwell in the County of Wiltshire, was created at the request of John Lucas, her father, in 1663 for Mary, Countess of Kent, new wife of the 11th Earl of Kent and only surviving child of the 1st Baron of the first creation above. The title was created with remainder to her heirs male by Lord Kent and failing which to her heirs general without division (the latter being the same way that the Crown passes, i.e. to the eldest daughter in the absence of sons, rather than going into abeyance or to the nearest male-line relative). The 1st Baroness was succeeded by her son, who had already succeeded as 12th Earl of Kent, and who was successively created Marquess of Kent and Duke of Kent. (See Duke of Kent for information on the Kent peerages.)
In 1718, the Duke of Kent's elder son, Anthony, Earl of Harold (1695–1723), was summoned to Parliament by a writ in acceleration as Baron Lucas, and is usually numbered as the 3rd Baron (see note below). In view of the death of both his sons and the consequent extinction of the dukedom at his death the Duke managed to obtain in 1740 (at the cost of his other Grey titles excluding Lucas) only a new marquessate, Marquess Grey. However he obtained a special remainder of the marquessate, in default of his heirs male, to his granddaughter, Jemima Campbell (who was the only surviving child of his eldest daughter, the former Lady Amabel Grey, who was the late wife of Lord Glenorchy (later 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland)). On the Duke's death later that year, the Barony of Lucas, along with the Marquessate of Grey, passed to this granddaughter (by now the wife of the 2nd Earl of Hardwicke), who became 2nd Marchioness Grey and 4th Baroness Lucas of Crudwell.
On her death, the Marquessate became extinct and the Barony passed to her eldest daughter, Amabel, Lady Polwarth (widow of Alexander, Lord Polwarth, eldest son of the 3rd Earl of Marchmont), who became 5th Baroness Lucas. In 1816 she was created Countess de Grey, of Wrest in the County of Bedford, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, with a special remainder to her sister (the widow of the 2nd Baron Grantham) and her heirs male. (See Earl de Grey for information on that peerage.)
On her death, the Earldom of de Grey and the Barony of Lucas passed under their respective remainders to her nephew, the 3rd Baron Grantham, who became 2nd Earl de Grey and 6th Baron Lucas. On his death, the Earldom of de Grey passed to his nephew, the 2nd Earl of Ripon, and the Barony passed to his daughter, Anne, Countess Cowper (widow of the 6th Earl Cowper), who became 7th Baroness Lucas. On her death, the Barony passed to her son, the 7th Earl Cowper, who became 8th Baron Lucas. He was restored as 3rd Baron Butler in the Peerage of England and 4th Lord Dingwall in the Peerage of Scotland upon the termination of the attainder on those titles. (See Earl Cowper for the Cowper peerages.)
On his death, the Earldom of Cowper and its associated titles became extinct, the Barony of Butler became abeyant, and the Barony of Lucas and the Lordship of Dingwall passed to his nephew, Auberon Herbert (a grandson of the 3rd Earl of Carnarvon), who became 9th Baron Lucas and 5th Lord Dingwall. He was confirmed in the titles in 1907 by the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords. After this, the succession was straightforward, the Barony and Lordship passing to the 9th Baron and 5th Lord's sister (the 10th Baroness and 6th Lady), then her daughter (the 11th Baroness and 7th Lady), and then her son (the 12th Baron and 8th Lord), who is the current holder of the titles.
Ralph Matthew Palmer (Lord Lucas of Crudwell)
The Lord Lucas and Dingwall is a grandson of the 3rd Earl of Selborne, and so is also in remainder to the Earldom of Selborne and its subsidiary titles. He is also one of the co-heirs to the Barony of Butler.
Lord Lucas of Crudwell
John Lucas, 1st Baron Lucas of Shenfield (October 1606 – 2 July 1671) was an English Royalist soldier, industrialist and landowner.
Lucas was the son of Sir Thomas Lucas and Elizabeth Leighton. His elder brother was Sir Thomas Lucas (d. 1649) and his younger brother Sir Charles Lucas (d.1648), both Royalist officers. His sister was the notable Margaret Cavendish.
Lucas was an early public supporter of the Royalist cause and his house in Colchester, St John's, was attacked by a crowd during the Stour Valley Riots of 1642. He was imprisoned by Parliamentary forces early in the English Civil War, but escaped and fought for the king at the Battle of Naseby. On 3 January 1645 he was created Baron Lucas of Shenfield, of Shenfield in the Peerage of England. He was again imprisoned by Parliament in 1655, before being released prior to the Restoration. He was elected an Original Fellow of the Royal Society in 1663; he was possibly expelled in 1666.
He married Anne Nevill in 1628. Lucas had one surviving daughter, Mary Grey, Countess of Kent, who was created suo jure Baroness Lucas of Crudwell at her father's request. Lucas was buried at St Giles's church, Colchester. He died without surviving male issue and by a special remainder in his patent, the heir to his title was Charles Lucas, 2nd Baron Lucas (1631-1688), son of his elder brother Sir Thomas Lucas.
List of Barons:
Mary Grey, Countess of Kent, 1st Baroness Lucas (d. 1702)
Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, 1st Marquess Grey, 2nd Baron Lucas (1671–1740)
Anthony Grey, Earl of Harold, 3rd Baron Lucas (1695–1723) (by writ in acceleration)
Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey, 4th Baroness Lucas (1722–1797)
Amabel Hume-Campbell, 1st Countess de Grey, 5th Baroness Lucas (1751–1833)
Thomas Philip de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, 6th Baron Lucas (1781–1859)
Anne Florence Cowper, Countess Cowper, 7th Baroness Lucas (1806–1880)
Francis Thomas de Grey Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper, 8th Baron Lucas and 4th Lord Dingwall (1834–1905)
Auberon Thomas Herbert, 9th Baron Lucas and 5th Lord Dingwall (1876–1916)
Nan Ino Cooper, 10th Baroness Lucas and 6th Lady Dingwall (1880–1958)
Anne Rosemary Palmer, 11th Baroness Lucas and 7th Lady Dingwall (1919–1991)
Ralph Matthew Palmer, 12th Baron Lucas and 8th Lord Dingwall (b. 1951)
Extracts from wikipedia.org